BS Physics Curriculum

**Phys 111 Mechanic I 3 Cr.hr**

Motion along a straight line, vectors, motion in two and three dimensions, force and motion-I, force and motion-II, kinetic energy and work, potential energy and conservation of energy, the center of mass and linear momentum.

**Text Book:** Physics by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker: 8^{th} Edition

**Phys 113 Additional Mathematics 0 Cr.hr**

Trigonometry, complex numbers, vector algebra, ordinary differentiation, ordinary integration, limits and continuity, binomial theorem, Taylor series, probability, group theory

**Phys 114 Lab-I ****1 Cr.hr**

1. Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle, Barton’s Apparatus).

2. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass.

3. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method.

4. The surface tension of water by capillary tube method.

5. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum.

6. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on the mass, radius, and angular velocity of a body in circular motion.

7. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C.R.O.

8. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc.

9. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law).

**Recommended Books: **

1. D. H. Marrow, Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences, Longman.

2. Nelkon and Ogborn, Advanced Level Practical Physics, Heimann Educational Books

**Phys 121 Electricity and Magnetism 3Cr.hr**

Electric charge, Electric fields, Gauss’ Law, Electric Potential, Capacitance, Current and Resistance, Circuits, Magnetic fields, Magnetic field due to current, Induction and Inductance, Electromagnetic oscillations and Alternative current, Maxwell’s Equations; Magnetism of Matter

**Text Book:** Physics by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker: 8^{th} Edition

**Phys 122 Waves and Optics 3Cr.hr**

Oscillations, Waves-I, Waves-II, Electromagnetic Waves, Images, Interference, Diffraction, Polarization

**Text Book:** Halliday, Resnick, and Walker: 8^{th} Edition

**Phys 123 Lab-II ****1Cr.hr**

1. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram.

2. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire.

3. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnes method.

4. The determination of Stefan’s constant.

5. Calibration of the thermocouple potentiometer.

6. To determine the frequency of AC supply by CRO.

7. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant.

8. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring.

9. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by the Diffraction grating.

10. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s bi-prism.

11. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating.

12. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution.

13. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures).

14. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon).

15. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus.

16. To study the laws of vibration of the stretched string using sonometer.

17. To determine the stopping potential of a photocell.

**Recommended Books: **

1. D. H. Marrow, Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences, Longman.

2. Nelkon and Ogborn, Advanced Level Practical Physics, Heimann Educational Books

**Phys 231 Modern Physics- I 3Cr.hr**

Relativity, Particle properties of waves, Wave properties of particles, Atomic Structure, Quantum mechanics, Quantum Theory of Hydrogen Atom, Many-Electron Atoms.

**Textbook: **Concept of Modern Physics (sixth edition) by Beiser.

**Phys 241 Modern Physics-II 3Cr.hr**

Molecules, Statistical Mechanics, The Solid state, Nuclear Structure, Nuclear Transformation, Elementary Particles.

**Textbook: **Concept of Modern Physics (Latest edition) by Beiser.

**Phys 232 ****3Cr.hr**

Introduction to; FORTRAN language

**Phys 332 ****3Cr.hr**

Introduction to C language

**Phys 233 Lab-III 1Cr.hr **

1. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser

2. Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter

3. To study the characteristics of Photoemission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photocell

4. Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter potentiometer

5. Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer

6. Comparison of capacities by a ballistic galvanometer.

7. To study the B.H. curve & measure the magnetic parameters.

8. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge.

9. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit

10. The resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit.

11. Study of the parameter of wave i.e. amplitude, phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO.

12. Measurement of self/mutual inductance.

13. Study of electric circuits by a black box.

14. To study the network theorems (Superposition, Thevenin, Norton).

15. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO.

**Recommended Books: **

1. G L Squires, Practical Physics, 3^{rd }Edition, Cambridge University Press

2. Nolan and Bigliani, Experiments in Physics, Surjeet Pub Ind.

3. C K Bhattacharya, University Practical Physics, CBS Publishing.

**Phys 242 Applied Mathematics 3Cr.hr**

Scalar and vector fields, Vector operators, Gradient of a scalar field; divergence of a vector field; curl of a vector field, Vector operator formulae, Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, Cylindrical polar coordinates; spherical polar coordinates Stokes Theorem, Greens function, Greens Theorem, Partial differential equations, Differential equations, Vector space, Scalar Space, Matrices and Determinants, Eigen Vectors and Eigen Values, Reciprocal Vectors, Differentiation of vectors, Composite vector expressions; differential of a vector, linear vector spaces

**Phys 243 Lab-IV 1 Cr.hr **

1. Understanding and uses of electronic devices including GATS, Transistors.

2. Understand the behavior of nuclear radiation including beta and gamma radiation.

3. Determination of e/m of an electron.

4. Determination of ionization potential of mercury.

5. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode)

6. Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors

- i. Smoothing effect of a capacitor
- ii. Ripple factor & its variation with load.
- iii. Study of regulation of output voltage with load.

7. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth.

8. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope.

9. To set up and study various logic gates (AND, OR, NAND etc) using a diode and to develop their truth table.

10. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate.

11 Characteristics of a transistor.

12. To study the characteristic curves of a G. M. counter and use it to determine the absorption coefficient of β-particle in Aluminum.

13. Determination of range of α particles.

14. The mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G.M counter.

15. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments.

**Recommended Books: **

1. G L Squires, Practical Physics, 3^{rd }Edition, Cambridge University Press

2. Nolan and Bigliani, Experiments in Physics, Surjeet Pub Ind.

3. C K Bhattacharya, University Practical Physics, CBS Publishing.